lunes, 28 de septiembre de 2009

Efemérides destacadas. Nietzsche y la posibilidad el conocimiento


El 15 de octubre de 1844 nace Friedrich Wihelm Nietzsche, filósofo alemán muy influyente en la historia del pensamiento del siglo XX por sus conceptos sobre la muerte de Dios, la idea del eterno retorno, la idea del superhombre y la idea de la voluntad de poder.

Aunque entre sus títulos se recuerda más Así habló Zaratustra, Genealogía de la moral o El nacimiento de la tragedia en el espíritu de la música, extraeremos fragmentos muy representativos de su pensamiento de la obra La ciencia jovial (también traducida como La gaya ciencia), organizada en pequeños apartados temáticos.

Todas las citas tomadas se refieren al carácter artificioso del conocimiento: invento humano para intentar manejar (entender, clasificar, manipular) el mundo, pero que nunca logra aprehenderlo. Para Nietzsche, la producción intelectual humana solo postula realidades sobre las cosas, sin llegar nunca a reflejar realmente cómo son (aunque no lo reconozca e intente hacer pasar sus postulados por Verdades). Así, Nietzsche se opone a la idea (luminosa y confiada) de la Ilustración acerca de que el potencial de nuestro pensamiento es virtualmente ilimitado y de que el progreso continuo es posible. Por esta crítica al racionalismo y por proponer que -en realidad- la idea de razón esconde pulsiones más profundas y vergonzosas, el filósofo francés Paul Ricaeur lo incluyó, como a Marx y a Freud, entre los "maestros de la sospecha".

"Pensamientos
Los pensamientos son las sombras de nuestras sensaciones -siempre más oscuros, vacíos, simples que estas."

"El pensador
Él es un pensador: eso significa que él sabe cómo tomar las cosas de una manera más simple de lo que son."

"El límite de nuestra audición
Uno solamente escucha las preguntas para las que está en condiciones de escuchar una respuesta. "

"El origen de nuestro concepto 'conocimiento'
¿Qué quiere [el pueblo], cuando quiere el "conocimiento"? Nada más que esto: algo extraño debe ser reducido a algo consabido. [...] ¡Error de errores! Lo consabido es lo habitual; y lo habitual es lo más difícil de conocer, es decir, de ver como problema, es decir, de ver como extraño, como lejano, como "fuera de nosotros"."

56 comentarios:

  1. Nadie puede negar el impacto que tuvo el pensamiento y los postulados tan 'polémicos' de Nietzsche en su tiempo.

    Si estuviera hoy vivo sería atacado a diario por la prensa amarillista y los círculos cerrados de conocimiento.

    ResponderEliminar
    Respuestas
    1. Hola, me llamo Sandra y soy una estudiante de Barcelona que está realizando
      un trabajo de investigación sobre Nietzsche y su influencia en la cultura occidental.
      Estoy recopilando opiniones sobre este filósofo y me pongo en contacto con
      usted para preguntarle si podría responderme una pregunta sobre el tema.

      ¿Qué le suscita a usted la filosofía de Nietzsche en la actualidad?

      Muchas gracias. Un saludo. معین

      سیاوش قمیشی

      شادمهر عقیلی

      Eliminar
  2. Hola, me llamo Sandra y soy una estudiante de Barcelona que está realizando
    un trabajo de investigación sobre Nietzsche y su influencia en la cultura occidental.
    Estoy recopilando opiniones sobre este filósofo y me pongo en contacto con
    usted para preguntarle si podría responderme una pregunta sobre el tema.

    ¿Qué le suscita a usted la filosofía de Nietzsche en la actualidad?

    Muchas gracias. Un saludo.

    ResponderEliminar
  3. That appears to be excellent however i am still not too sure that I like it. At any rate will look far more into it and decide personally!

    ResponderEliminar
  4. I love all the posts, I really enjoyed, I would like more information about this, because it is very nice.

    ResponderEliminar
  5. We are the best writing company providing Writing Service Online papers over 15 years, we have been operational as we have assisted thousands of students with their Pre Written Research Paper.

    ResponderEliminar
  6. great post. i like it. feeling great when reading your post .
    Sushi Cat 2

    ResponderEliminar
  7. Now I know that this info will help you to learn How to Monitor Snapchat. I had such experience before

    ResponderEliminar
  8. Hi there, just wanted to say, I loved this blog post.
    It was practical. Keep on posting!
    medium.com

    ResponderEliminar
  9. BIN is used to store the DISC image, which is composed as a clue file. It is a type of binary file. BIN files can be opened on any of the platforms, as per user choice. You can save data and information in a particular folder using file extension bin.

    ResponderEliminar
  10. Your blog is really interesting and inspiration to many. I'll be looking forward for more of your posts click to play game free

    ResponderEliminar
  11. quickbooks contact number is easily available at internet without any difficulty and they reponse at instant queries.

    ResponderEliminar
  12. If you are looking for the www.myinstantoffer.com code then you are at right place.

    ResponderEliminar
  13. We realize that comets convey strong water and this may have been one potential path by which water was moved to the Earth, instyle jackets however it's dubious that all or even the vast majority of the water on the Earth was conveyed here by comets.

    ResponderEliminar
  14. There are many engineering assignment help writing services and Engineering Writing Services to choose from for those stuck with their engineering research paper writing services and engineering term paper writing services.

    ResponderEliminar
  15. Being a leading custom shopify app development platform, we provide optimal results by establishing a strong brand image across major search engines

    ResponderEliminar
  16. when you get enough knowledge then read about jio and dnd jio number

    ResponderEliminar
  17. So if you are a regular customer of Pep Boys, Then please take this survey and get a chance to win multiple rewards from Pep Boys Customer Survey by simply taking this survey and it will take 5 to 6 minutes for completion.Pep Boys Customer Satisfaction Survey

    ResponderEliminar
  18. Our assignment service is always at work to help you with any academic difficulty. Do My College Homework

    ResponderEliminar
  19. Hobbycraft just needs to know whether you loved the products they have introduced for their customers by starting the Hobbycraft Guest Satisfaction Survey.



    clik here

    ResponderEliminar
  20. Thanks for Sharing. Complete Your Assignment From Legal Assignment Writing and Score Best Result.

    ResponderEliminar
  21. Philosophy is an interesting subject. We can learn a lot from Nietzsche and other philosophers. Unfortunately, it is completely useless to me. I need the expert's writing assistance, the one that only perfectessaysonline.com can assure

    ResponderEliminar
  22. This brings the students down and also affects their performance at college or university. The very situation gets us tagged many times as, ‘help me with my homework’ or something like that. So don’t hesitate to hire us to help you achieve your ultimate goal of excellence in your college or university homework assignments. https://www.homeworkclock.com/

    ResponderEliminar
  23. asp.net development services When it comes to developing enterprise-grade mobile apps, using .Net helps professional developers build a powerful application without any success blockers. It is scalable and reliable helping businesses grow and evolve.

    ResponderEliminar
  24. Cybersecurity services Block known and unknown malware even if after reaching the end

    ResponderEliminar
  25. If you haven’t used a time tracking app before, you might not know how it functions. Though it holds a number of benefits that you might be surprised to hear. time tracking software

    ResponderEliminar
  26. This information was completely hidden before I came here. I really know about what happened there, really amazing. Yellowstone John Dutton Jacket

    ResponderEliminar
  27. This is an extremely well written article. I will be sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful information. Thanks for the post. I’ll certainly comeback. Eschedule

    ResponderEliminar
  28. You there, this is really good post here. Thanks for taking the time to post such valuable information. Quality content is what always gets the visitors coming.
    고스톱

    ResponderEliminar
  29. I am overwhelmed by your post with such a nice topic. Usually I visit your blogs and get updated through the information you include but today’s blog would be the most appreciable. Well done!
    스포츠토토

    ResponderEliminar
  30. I have read all the comments and suggestions posted by the visitors for this article are very fine, We will wait for your next article so only. Thanks!
    한국야동

    ResponderEliminar
  31. Yes I am totally agreed with this article and i just want say that this article is very nice and very informative article. I will make sure to be reading your blog more. You made a good point but I can't help but wonder, what about the other side? !!!!!!Thanks
    토토사이트

    ResponderEliminar
  32. I'm overpowered by your post with such a decent theme. Generally, I visit your web journals and get refreshed through the data you incorporate however the present blog would be the most apparent. All around done! overseas employment agencies in pakistan

    ResponderEliminar
  33. I am glad to discover this page. I have to thank you for the time I spent on this especially great reading !! I really liked each part and also bookmarked you for new information on your site. 한국야동

    Also feel free to visit may web page check this link 야설

    ResponderEliminar
  34. After reading your article I was amazed. I know that you explain it very well. And I hope that other readers will also experience how I feel after reading your article. 한국야동

    Also feel free to visit may web page check this link 야설

    ResponderEliminar
  35. I was very pleased to find this site.I wanted to thank you for this great read!! I definitely enjoy every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post. 야동

    Also feel free to visit may web page check this link 국산야동

    ResponderEliminar
  36. it’s really a nice and useful piece of information. I’m happy that you simply shared this helpful information with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thank you for sharing. 국산야동

    Also feel free to visit may web page check this link 한국야동

    ResponderEliminar
  37. I’m more than happy to discover this great site. I need to to thank you for ones time for this wonderful read!! I definitely enjoyed every part of it 한국야동

    Also feel free to visit may web page check this link 야동

    ResponderEliminar
  38. Because of the concept of eternal return in philosophy, your personality changes dramatically, and I believe that this can turn anyone's life in a good way. Buy Dissertation Online

    ResponderEliminar
  39. برخورداری از اقلیم مناسب، آب و هوای معتدل و نزدیکی به کوه های البرز در کنار ساخت و ساز های آپارتمان نشینی و همچنین ایجاد شهرک های صنعتی آن را تبدیل به موقعیت مناسبی برای زندگی کردن و همچنین کسب درآمد نموده است. از این رو در سال های اخیر شاهد رشد جمعیت و مهاجرت از شهرهای اطراف به خصوص تهران به این شهرستان پهناور می باشیم.آپارتمان کرج

    ResponderEliminar
  40. วางเดิมพันกับทีมอี สปอร์ต ที่คุณชื่นชอบได้ง่ายกว่าที่เคยด้วย BK8 เราเสนออัตราการจ่ายที่ดีที่สุดและครอบคลุมการเดิมพันอี สปอร์ต รวมถึง CS:GO, Dota 2, LoL และอีกมากมาย!ทางเข้าbk8thai

    ResponderEliminar
  41. Thanks for sharing this brilliant article it was a very useful and helpful article. 사설토토

    ResponderEliminar