miércoles, 25 de noviembre de 2015

Libros que anticipan el futuro

La literatura es siempre, según Kafka, una forma de la verdad. Adopte la locación o época que sea, disfrazadas bajo nombres falsos y detalles de color, sus historias tratan, en el fondo, de la realidad común a todos.
El sumbarino (Nautilus) de las 20.000 leguas narradas por Verne
Por eso se dice que los escritores no solo tienen talento para contar bien, sino también para percibir bien tanto qué pasa a nuestro alrededor como qué puede pasar. Y esta cualidad predictiva es algo que se puede notar especialmente en la ciencia ficción, como se aprecia en los títulos que siguen, que se volvieron (con justicia) clásicos.

Por ejemplo, el invento de Julio Verne: el submarino movido por electricidad, en 20.000 leguas de viaje submarino, publicado en 1870, casi 100 años antes de que se usara esa tecnología efectivamente. La innovación científica también se ve maravillosamente en las películas y series, claro, como el caso de los hologramas que permiten ver frente a sí la figura de una persona que está lejos y que ya aparecía en La guerra de las galaxias o la pantalla plana que muestra la cara del interlocutor, antecedente de Skype, en Viaje a las estrellas.

También está el caso de Un mundo feliz, en donde Aldous Huxley presenta, en 1932, una dudosa utopía: una sociedad sin pobreza ni conflictos, pero en la que los habitantes sortean la angustia y el sinsentido mediante una droga de suministro constante (un antidepresivo, de los que estuvieron accesibles para la humanidad recién en la década del 60).

Siguiendo con la denuncia social, imposible pasar por alto 1984, de George Orwell, probablemente la distopía más famosa, que presenta un estado totalitario que censura y encarcela a todos los disidentes, y se siente justificado para espiar las comunicaciones privadas de los ciudadanos.

Procesos políticos de fondo, tendencias de la humanidad, cambios en la filosofía de vida... ¿qué cosas registró la literatura antes de que lo notáramos el resto? ¿Se les ocurren otros ejemplos? ¿Les parece que algún libro de hoy está hablando de lo que pasará mañana? Lo conversamos aquí.

66 comentarios:

  1. apasionante el intercambio...

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    1. It is really best try to perceive us very well both what happens around us and what can happen. It is really nice writing for A Happy world. Really feeling good to read about Books that anticipate the future with details of color, their histories deal, in the background, of the reality common to all. Professional team of corporate banking assignment help providers of Secure Assignment Help would surly like this article and appreciate you for thinking about it. Good Job!! Well done!! Keep sharing!!

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  2. Sin duda, Fahrenheit 451, es una obra que nos lleva por una sociedad muy parecida a la actual, y con riesgo de que desaparezcan los libros o al menos el hábito de leer... que bueno que aún no sucede!

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  3. ¿Que les parece el ejemplo de FastForward?
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  4. ¡Ah! Recordé a Cloud Atlas, el atlas de las nubes, son incontables los objetos, dispositivos, procedimientos, creencias y filosofías que aun no manejamos, pero estamos cerca ya de ello.

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  5. Asimov describe el gps en las primeras paginas de la saga "fundación"-1942 (se lo dan a un muchacho que no conocía la ciudad, todavía la descripción de el requiere un par de avances tecnológicos mas), Douglas adams se adelanta a varios eventos muy puntuales en su libro "guía del autoestopista galactico"(1979), describe el Kindle, que la cantidad de libros que se van a poder almacenar en un dispositivo digital podría equivaler a cientos de volúmenes de una biblioteca, el surgimiento de la Guia (que hoy por hoy es la Wikipedia), la caída de otras enciclopedias de la "competencia" (hasta ahora encarta y la enciclopedia británica), e incluso PORQUE la "Guia del autoestopista", las venció...

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  6. Voy a buscar esa "Guía del autoestopista", la desconocía... Un libro con muchos artilugios, que creo aún fuera de la realidad, son los que describe Laura Esquivel en "La Ley del Amor". En este momento se me olvidan los nombres. Puedo nombrar algunos como el que puede "traducir" las emociones de las plantas... Los ascensores teletransportadores... Además de la posibilidad de cambiar de cuerpos... jejejeje... Toda una mágica realidad

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  7. Mmm hay varios libros de Asimov donde se adelantan cosas que ya existen ahora hace poco, o existirán... Muy recomendable por cierto.

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  8. Física de lo imposible de Michio Kaku Nos muestra los desarrollos tecnológicos que se pueden venir...

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